Orbicula parietina
Coll. MM 9169 (leg. Y. Yamamoto)
Coll. MM 9169 (leg. Y. Yamamoto)
© M. Poulain
Pl. 6, fig. 1, Schrader (1797)
Pl. 6, fig. 1, Schrader (1797)
Lectotypus

Orbicula parietina (Schrad.) S. Hughes, Mycol. Pap., 42: 1 (1951).

 

Basionym Didymium parietinum Schrad., Nova gen. plant., 1: 24 (1797).

Diagnosis 5. D. parietinum, sessile hemisphaericum nitidum virescenti-nigrum. Tab. 6. f. 1.
Hab. in parietibus lutosis calce obductis.
Peridium exterius semilineam latum , rigidulum, fragile, nitidum, saepius rugulosum, colore nigro in virescentem tendente. Capillitium fila brevia, parca, utrique peridio adnata, constituunt. Pulvis feminalis contra morem sulphureus, compactus, interius peridium arcte ambiens. Peridium interius subrotundum, scabrum aut rugulosum, membrana duriuscula fuscescente, pulverem grossum concolorem vel paulo dilutiorem includente.
Observat. Pulchella haec planta, cuius exemplar depictum liberalitati Cel. et amicissimi timmii debeo, a reliquis congeneribus recedit loco natali, capillitio parco et pulvere compacto.

Type Schrader (1797), pl. 6, fig. 1 - lectotypus

Sanctioning Fries, Syst. mycol., 2: 83 (1822).

Homotypic Licea bicolor Pers., Syn. meth. fung.: 195 (1801) ; Tubulina bicolor (Pers.) Poir., in Lam., Encycl. suppl., 5:131 (1817) ; Lycogala parietinum (Schrad.) Fr., Syst. mycol., 3: 83 (1829) ; Mycogala parietinum (Schrad.) Sacc., Syll. fung., 3: 185 (1884) ; Anixia parietina (Schrad.) Lindau, Natürl. Pflanzenfam.: 334 (1897).

Synonyms
Sphaeria cyclospora Cooke, Pop. Sci. Rev., 10: 12 (1871); Orbicula cyclospora (Cooke) Cooke, Handb. Brit. Fung., 2: 926 (1871); Anixia cyclospora (Cooke) Sacc., Syll. fung., 1: 36 (1882).
Chaetomium glabrum Berk., in Berk. & Broome, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., ser. 4, 11: 349 (1873).
Orbicula perichaenoides Cooke, Grevillea, 8 (45): 10 (1879); Anixia perichaenoides (Cooke) Sacc., Syll. fung., 1: 35 (1882).
Anixia spadicea Fuckel, Jahrb. nassau. Ver. Naturk., 23-24: 91 (1870).
Anixia truncigena Hoffm., Icon. analyt. fung., 3: 70 (1863).

MycoBank 302096

Notes
1) Licea bicolor Pers. is a superfluous nom. nov.

 

Literature
Bokhary H.A. 1985. Coprophilous fungus succession on camel dung. Arab Gulf Journal of Scientific Research, 3: 277-284.
Campbell C., Rogers J.D., Murray T.D. 1991. A psychrophilic Orbicula associated with oat kernels. The Mycologist, 5: 113-114.
Doveri F. 2011. Additions to “Fungi Fimicoli Italici”: An update on the occurrence of coprophilous Basidiomycetes and Ascomycetes in Italy with new records and descriptions. Mycosphere, 2 (4): 331-427. 
Duncan C.G., Eslyn W.E. 1966. Wood-Decaying Ascomycetes and Fungi Imperfecti. Mycologia, 58 (4): 642-645.
Galán R., Moreno G., Oltra M. 2011. Orbicula parietina (Pezizales) un curioso ascomicete con apariencia de mixomicete. Boletín de Sociedad Micológica de Madrid, 35: 17-23.
Hansen K., Perry B.A., Pfister D.H. 2005. Phylogenetic origins of two cleistothecial fungi, Orbicula parietina and Lasiobolidium orbiculoides, within the operculate discomycetes. Mycologia, 97: 1023-1033.
Hughes S.J. 1951. Studies on Micro-Fungi. VIII. Orbicula and Liliputia. Mycological Papers, 42: 1-27.
Malloch D., Cain R.F. 1971. Four new genera of cleistothecial Ascomycetes with hyaline ascospores. Canadian Journal of Botany, 49: 847-854.
Moyne G., Petit J. 2007. Quelques ascomycètes coprophiles récoltés en France et en particulier dans le département du Doubs. Bulletin de la Société d'histoire naturelle du Doubs, 91: 49-114.
Poulain M. 1997. Onygena corvina et Orbicula parietina, deux sosies de Myxomycètes. Bulletin de la Société d'histoire naturelle du Pays de Montbéliard, 1997: 47-50. 
Schrader H.A. 1797. Nova genera plantarum. 
Solans Puyuelo M.J. 1995. Los géneros Orbicula Cooke, Roumegeriella Speg. y Zygopleurage Boedijn, novedades para el catálogo micológico español. Studia Botanica, 13: 245-248. 
Udawaga S.I., Furuya K. 1972. Notes on some Japanese Ascomycetes. X. Transactions of the Mycological Society of Japan, 13: 49-56.


Classification Pyronemataceae, Orbicula


CreatedDate 24/03/2018.

UpdatedDate 24/03/2018.

Orbicula parietina
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