Daleomyces phillipsii
Coll. NV 2004.12.01
Coll. NV 2004.12.01
© R. Péan

Daleomyces phillipsii (Massee) Seaver, N. Amer. Cup-fungi (Operc.), suppl.: 337 (1942).

 

Basionym Gyromitra phillipsii Massee, Brit. Fungus-fl., 4: 478 (1895).

Diagnosis The pilei varied in size from 3 in. to 3 feet in circumference, being in form globose, hemispherical, fusiform, or irregular; in the young state the folds of the hymenium were of the typical form of Gyromitra, but when older they became flattened into broad, pendent, crisped flounces, resembling fig. 327 in Cooke's Mycographia ; while young they were creamy white, often tinged with pale purple, passing with age into pale ochre, and then to fulvous-brown ; stem short, thick, or sometimes absent. The flesh was somewhat waxy and exceedingly brittle. In section there was no sterile axis above the stem, the pileus consisting within of irregular cavities, divided and subdivided by double walls which were clothed with the hymenium. I found the asci to be cylindrical, furnished with eight elliptic sporidia [spores], 10-12 × 6-7 µ; paraphyses slender, somewhat thickened at the apices.

Type K(M) 178523 - holotypus

Homotypic Durandiomyces phillipsii (Massee) Seaver, N. Amer. Cup-fungi (Operc.): 242 (1928).

Synonyms
Underwoodia campbellii Sacc., Ann. Mycol., 7 (5): 433 (1909); Peziza proteana f. campbellii (Sacc.) Korf, Rep. Tottori Mycol. Inst., 10: 392 (1973); Daleomyces campbellii (Sacc.) J. Moravec, Česká Mykol., 36 (2): 112 (1982); Peziza campbellii (Sacc.) Vizzini, Medardi & Forin, Mycol. Progress, 19 (5): 515 (2020).
Daleomyces gardneri Setch., Mycologia, 16 (5): 241 (1924); Napomyces gardneri (Setch.) Clem. & Shear, Gen. Fungi: 333 (1931).
Aleuria proteana var. sparassoides Boud., Bull. Soc. mycol. Fr., 15: 51 (1899); Galactinia proteana var. sparassoides (Boud.) Sacc. & P. Syd., Syll. fung., 16: 709 (1902); Underwoodia sparassoides (Boud.) Bánhegyi, Index Horti bot. univ. Budapest, 3: 167 (1938); Peziza proteana f. sparassoides (Boud.) Korf, Mycologia, 48: 714 (1956).
Aleuria proteana var. slavkoviensis F. Neuwirth, Stud. Bot. Čechoslav., 7: 172 (1946).

MycoBank 285981

 

Literature
Antonin V. 2005. Daleomyces phillipsii (Ascomycota, Pezizaceae), new Moravian finds and its distribution in the Czech Republic. Czech Mycology, 57 (3-4): 249-256.
Baral O. 1981. Der Kohlkopfpilz Peziza proteana f. sparassoides, ein sonderbarer Grossbecherling und sein Vorkommen in Deutschland. Südwestdeutsche Pilzrundschau, 17 (2): 17-20.
Boudier E. 1899. Note sur quelques Champignons nouveaux des environs de Paris. Bulletin de la Société mycologique de France, 15 (1): 49-54.
Bussy J. 1967. Fructification gigantesque de Galactinia proteana (Boud.) var.sparassoides Boud. dans la région lyonnaise. Bulletin mensuel de la Société linnéenne de Lyon, 36 (7): 281-286.
Ciana O. 1987. Découverte en Valais de Peziza proteana fo. sparassoides Boud. Schweizerische Zeitschrift für Pilzkunde, 65: 50-53.
Foley H. 1954. Sur l'existence en Haute-Marne de Galactinia proteana Boud. var. sparassoides Boud. Bulletin mensuel de la Société linnéenne de Lyon, 23 (7): 200.
Geesink J. 1984. Peziza proteana var. sparassoides: Nieuw voor Nederland. Coolia, 27 (2): 33-35.
Jahn H., Wiegand K. 1976-1986. Massenvorkommen des "Kohlkopfpilzes", Peziza proteana f. sparassoides, bei Köln/Rhein. Westfälische Pilzbriefe, 10-11: 55-58.
Korf R.P. 1956. Daleomyces, Durandiomyces, and other sparassoid forms of operculate discomycetes. Mycologia, 48 (5): 711-718.
Korf R.P. 1973. Sparassoid ascocarps in Pezizales and Tuberales. Reports of the Tottori Mycological Institute, 10: 389-403.
Massee G. 1895. British fungus-flora, a classified text-book of mycology.
Moravec J. 1982. Daleomyces phillipsii in Czechoslovakia (Discomycetes, Pezizaceae). Česká Mykologie, 36 (2): 109-113.
Pouchet A. 1954. Une forme géante de Galactinia proteana Boud. var. sparassoides Boud. récoltée près de Valence (Drôme). Bulletin mensuel de la Société linnéenne de Lyon, 23 (4): 87-88.
Setchell W.A. 1924. Three new fungi. Mycologia, 16 (5): 240-244.
Van Vooren N. 2003. Étude systématique et nomenclaturale des pézizes blanches. III. Peziza proteana et sa forme sparassoides. Bulletin mycologique et botanique Dauphiné-Savoie, 170: 47-58.
Van Vooren N. 2020. Reinstatement of old taxa and publication of new genera for naming some lineages of the Pezizaceae (Ascomycota). Ascomycete.org, 12 (4): 179-192.
Vizzini A., Medardi G., Tamm H., Forin N., Voyron S., Ercole E. 2020. Study and clarification of Peziza petersii and P. proteana (Ascomycota, Pezizaceae), and Underwoodia campbellii resurrected for the “cabbage-head fungus” (formerly P. proteana f. sparassoides). Mycological Progress, 19: 505-523.

 


Classification Pezizaceae, Daleomyces


CreatedDate 22/08/2020.

UpdatedDate 22/08/2020.

Daleomyces phillipsii
Collections Detail
[FR] La Roche-de-Glun
 
05/12/1953, leg. P. Réveillet

Source: FMBDS/SLL
[FR] Jonage
île du Rhône
24/02/1967, leg. J. Bussy

Source: FMBDS/SLL
[CH] Saxon
bord d'autoroute
02/06/2003, leg. R. Dougoud

Source: Ascomycete.org
[FR] Mazé
Château de Montgeoffroy
24/12/2004, leg. R. Péan
NV 2004.12.01 (LY)
Source: Ascomycete.org
[FR] Thise
Bois du Courtelot
08/12/2011, leg. G. Moyne

Source: Ascomycete.org
[MA] Azrou
 
06/11/1943, leg. G. Malençon
??? (MPU)
Source: Ascomycete.org