Chorioactis geaster

Coll. 2013-01-06
Coll. 2013-01-06
© M. Lalley

Chorioactis geaster (Peck) Kupfer, Bull. Torrey Bot. Club, 29 (3): 142 (1902).


Basionym Urnula geaster Peck, Rep. (Annual) New York State Mus. Nat. Hist., 46: 119 (1894).

Diagnosis Receptacle urceolate or cupulate, 1 to 2.5 inches broad, at length splitting into 4 to 6 rays, narrowed below into a stem-like base 3 to 5 lines thick, externally everywhere clothed with a dense velvety coat of slender, interwoven, minutely papillose brown hairs, flesh white ; hymenium white or whitish, .035 in. Thick ; asci very long, cylindrical, .03 in. Long ; spores uniseriate, oblong or oblong-fusiform, pointed at each end, colorless, .0025 to .003 in. Long, about .0006 broad, often containing a single large nucleus.
Ground. Austin, Texas. November. L. M. Underwood.

Type ex herb. Peck (NY) - lectotypus ?

MycoBank 328180

1) Its anamorphic state was identified as Kumanasamuha geaster.


Bellemère A., Melendez-Howell L.M., Chacun H., Malherbe M.C. 1994. Les asques du Chorioactis geaster (Ascomycetes, Pezizales, Sarcoscyphaceae), leur déhiscence et leurs ascospores: étude ultrastructurale. Nova Hedwigia, 58 (1-2): 49-65.
Eckblad F.E. 1968. The genera of the operculate Discomycetes. A re-evaluation of their taxonomy, phylogeny and nomenclature. Nytt Magasin for Botanikk, 15 (1-2): 1-191.
Heald F.D., Wolf F.A. 1910. The structure and relationship of Urnula geaster. Botanical Gazette, 49: 182-188.
Imazeki R. 1938. A rare fungus Urnula geaster Peck grows in Kyusyu, Japan. Journal of Japanese Botany, 14: 680-684.
Imazeki R., Otani Y. 1975. Rediscovery of Chorioactis geaster (Peck) Eckblad in Kyusyu, Japan. Transactions of the Mycological Society of Japan, 16: 222-229.
Kupfer E.M. 1902. Studies on Urnula and Geopyxis. Bulletin of the Torrey Botanical Club, 29 (3): 137-144.
Kurogi S., Nagao H., Kiyota E. 2002. Investigation of the evolution conditions and environment of endangered fungi Chorioactis geaster. Miyazaki Prefectural Museum of Nature and History Bulletin, 23: 23-45.
Nagao H., Kurogi S., Kiyota E., Sasatomi K. 2009. Kumanasamuha geaster sp. nov., an anamorph of Chorioactis geaster from Japan. Mycologia, 101 (6): 871-877.
Otani Y. 1980. Sarcoscyphineae of Japan. Transactions of the Mycological Society of Japan, 21: 149-179.
Peterson K.R., Bell C.D., Kurogi S., Pfister D.H. 2004. Phylogeny and biogeography of Chorioactis geaster (Pezizales, Ascomycota) inferred from nuclear ribosomal DNA sequences. Harvard Papers in Botany, 8: 141-152.
Pfister D.H., Kurogi S. 2004. A note on some morphological features of Chorioactis geaster (Pezizales, Ascomycota). Mycotaxon, 89: 277-281.
Pfister D.H., Slater C., Hansen K. 2008. Chorioactidaceae, a new family in Pezizales (Ascomycta) with four genera. Mycological Research, 112 (5): 513-527.
Rudy K.C., Keller H.W. 1996. The rare and fascinating devil's cigar, Chorioactis geaster. The Mycologist, 10 (1): 33-35.
Seaver F.J. 1939. Urnula geaster. Mycologia, 31 (3): 367-368.

Classification: Chorioactidaceae, Chorioactis

Created on 03/06/2015.

Updated on 02/08/2023.


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